|제목||이공 계열 교수의 강의 실행에 대한 이해: 문화역사적 활동이론(CHAT)을 활용한 사례연구 An Understanding of Professors' Performance of Teaching in College of Science and Engineering: A Case Study Using the CHAT|
송나윤 서울대학교 화학교육과
한재영 충북대학교 화학교육과
공학교육연구 2019년 01월 22권 1호 3~15p
|분류||공학교육연구 > 22권(2019년) > 1호(1월)|
In this study, we analyzed professors' performance of teaching in college of science and engineering from the perspective of the CHAT.
Two professors volunteered to participate in this study. Their syllabi were collected before the lectures, and their lectures were observed
and videotaped. Semi-structured interviews were conducted before and after their lectures. The CHAT components were classified into
‘subjects’, ‘objects’, ‘rules’, ‘communities’, ‘division of labor’, and ‘tools’. We extracted the content of six CHAT components from
the data and constructed the analysis framework based on the extracted contents. The analyses of the results revealed that both professors
had difficulties due to the contradictions among the components of subject, object, rules, and community in the activity system. Both
professors used various strategies to relieve the contradiction related to students’ ability, such as inviting students to participate in their
lecture. However the extent of providing opportunities to students to participate was different between two professors. Meanwhile, both
professors preferred to continue their own strategies, because they observed positive changes in students’ learning. In other words, the
success experiences of two professors influenced their performances of teaching. We discussed some suggestions to improve the quality
of the lecture in the college of science and engineering.