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공학소식 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
대학정보 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
연구정보 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
혁신센터정보 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
캡스톤디자인 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
산학협력정보 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
공학네트워크 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
정보센터 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
마이페이지 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다

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제목 ASEE - First Bell (March 8, 2018) 등록일 2018.03.09

 

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Leading the News

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Business Groups Tout Gas Tax Hike To House Subcommittee.

Bloomberg News Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/7, Niquette, Litvan) reports that the U.S. Chamber of Commerce and the American Trucking Associations “joined forces to urge skeptical lawmakers to increase federal fuel taxes for the first time in a quarter century to raise money for crumbling roads and bridges.” The groups put forward their proposals for a higher gas tax “before a House Transportation and Infrastructure subcommittee hearing Wednesday exploring long-term funding for highways and transit, saying the cost of inaction is greater.” U.S. Chamber of Commerce Executive Director of Transportation Infrastructure Ed Mortimer said, “This is a once-in-a-generational opportunity for federal leadership to modernize America’s infrastructure. Delay is not an option.” The article adds the Chamber “has proposed increasing federal fuel taxes by 25 cents a gallon over five years or sooner and indexing it to inflation to raise an estimated $394 billion over the next 10 years, as part of a four-point plan that includes streamlining how permits are issued for projects. It would cost the average American about $9 a month, the Chamber said.”

        In its coverage of Wednesday’s hearings, the Washington (DC) Post Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/7, Halsey) mentions that Transportation Secretary Elaine Chao “said she was eager to work with Congress on finding a funding mechanism and that the Trump ‘administration is open to considering all revenue sources.’”

Higher Education

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Oklahoma Engineering Students Help Youth With Deformed Hand.

KWTV-TV Share to FacebookShare to Twitter Oklahoma City (2/23, Shaw) says a group of biomedical engineering students at the University of Oklahoma “are helping a 12-year-old Oklahoma City boy who was born with a deformed left hand.” One student explained: “We took some measurements on him and saw what problems he was having, specifically with his hand, and modified it to fit his needs.”

Private Banks Seek A Larger Piece Of The Student Loan Market.

The Wall Street Journal Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/7, Mitchell, Andriotis, Subscription Publication) reports that private lenders are seeking a larger piece of the $100 billion-a-year student-loan market. The Consumer Bankers Association is urging the government to place instate caps on how much graduate students and parents of undergraduates can borrow from the government to cover tuition. The result would be that many families will have to use private lenders to cover part of their bills.

Student Loan Servicers Collecting From Borrowers Awaiting Forgiveness.

The Washington Post Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/7, Douglas-Gabriel) reports that some students who have filed claims with ED seeking to have their student loans canceled and are awaiting a decision – or have been notified that their loans are to be discharged – have been notified by their student loan servicers that they are nevertheless to begin payments. The Post reports that people “who are awaiting action on student loan forgiveness are suddenly facing debt collection, even though the Education Department is supposed to postpone loan payments while considering their applications.”

ED Continuing Considering Changes To Gainful Employment Rule.

U.S. News & World Report Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/7) reports in its “Student Loan Ranger” blog on the current revisions being debated to ED’s gainful employment rule, describing the negotiated rulemaking process that is taking place. Under President Obama, ED “strengthened the gainful employment rule,” but now “the Department of Education is considering the removal of the bulk of penalties for-profit colleges and universities would face. When the Department published its most recent proposal in February, many higher education experts weren’t surprised by the call to defang the controversial Obama-era regulation.” The piece continues to define the rule and to explore how changes might impact student loan consumers.

From ASEE

 

Craft More Successful Courses with Streamlined Course Design
Calling all faculty and instructors! Do you want produce more effective and successful courses with less time and effort? Don't miss Streamlined Course Design, a four-part online program coming this spring from ASEE. Learn more and register now (ASEE members save $130 on registration) — registration deadline has been extended to March 14.

NEW Webinar on Professionalism, Ethics, & Department Climate
This webinar, led by David Mogk (Montana State) and inspired by the National Academies’ Impacts of Sexual Harassment in Academia, explores components of professionalism, introduce topics that contribute to workplace climate, and suggest actions  to ensure everyone’s success in your department. The live webinar is March 14 from 1:00 PM – 2:00 PM, ET. Register now

NEW TUEE II Webinar Series — Preparing Tomorrow’s Engineers (March/April 2018)
This free, NSF-supported webinar series explores activities faculty can implement in the classroom to encourage professional skill development, focusing on leadership, ethics, and critical thinking. This series is inspired by the TUEE Phase II workshop, where students shared insights on education experiences. Read more and register: https://www.asee.org/webinars

Research and Development

NASA, DOE Researchers Working On Plan To Deflect Potential Earth-Bound Asteroids.

BuzzFeed Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/7) reports that researchers with the National Nuclear Security Administration, NASA, and DOE weapons labs have drafted “an official plan, just in case: They’ve designed a spacecraft to hit any large oncoming asteroids with a nuclear explosion. The Hypervelocity Asteroid Mitigation Mission for Emergency Response (HAMMER) spacecraft...would either steer its 8.8-ton bulk (called an ‘impactor’) into a small asteroid, or carry a nuclear device to deflect a big one.”

Uber Transports Freight Using Self-Driving Trucks In Arizona.

The Washington Post Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/7, Holley) reports that Uber is transporting freight using self-driving trucks on a highway in Arizona. The self-driving vehicles are Volvo trucks that have been retrofitted with Uber’s technology. The article mentions that the move towards self-driving vehicles, particularly trucks, is “being driven by a desire for greater safety, lower fuel costs and cleaner energy.” According to NHTSA data, over 4,000 people were killed and 116,000 were injured in accidents involving large trucks in 2015.

        Mashable Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/7) and CNN Money Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/7) also report on the story.

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Researchers Take Inspiration From Canine Nose To Develop Highly Sensitive Gas Detector.

Nanowerk Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/7) reports about new research where a team was “able to mimic a dog’s sniffer with graphene-based nanoscrolls.” Inspired by the lining of the canine nasal cavity, which is full of capillary networks that “cover such a large surface area, they can detect odors at extremely low concentrations,” the team “prepared graphene-based nanoscrolls with the addition of poly(sodium-p-stryrenesulfonate) using the freeze-drying method to create uniform, unaggregated structures.” These nanoscrolls were “wide, tubular...and almost all of the graphene was rolled up,” allowing them to be placed in “a gas sensor, which was highly selective and sensitive.” Unlike with past studies that used nanoscrolls for gas detection, this team’s work, published in ACS Nano under the title “Mimicking a Dog’s Nose: Scrolling Graphene Nanosheets Share to FacebookShare to Twitter,” further demonstrated the economic scalability of their process.

Research From NASA’s Juno Spacecraft Includes New Details On Jupiter’s Cyclones, Gas Bands.

The Los Angeles Times Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/7, Khan) reports that NASA’s Juno spacecraft has “found a strange set of swirling cyclones at Jupiter’s northern and southern poles –- and found that the stormy bands ringing its surface may extend a whopping 3,000 kilometers deep.” The findings are detailed in a set of new studies published in the journal Nature. University of California at Santa Cruz scientist Jonathan Fortney believes that the new findings could “potentially revolutionize our understanding of the internal dynamics of such gas-giant planets.”

Global Developments

Huawei Steps Up Investment In 5G As International Competition To Lead In Next-Gen Wireless Heats Up.

The New York Times Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/7, Zhong, Subscription Publication) reports about Huawei’s investments and research into 5G by bringing in “experts from foreign rivals” and encouraging “them to lead international groups that are deciding the technical standards for tomorrow’s wireless gear.” Even as companies and states prepare for 5G, Huawei “has also been a top concern of Washington officials” after being “effectively shut out of the United States after a 2012 congressional report said Beijing could use Huawei’s equipment to spy on Americans.” The competition over 5G is also a big part of government scrutiny into Broadcom’s proposed takeover of Qualcomm, as US regulators are worried about strategic interests such as patents for 5G technology, 10 percent of which are owned by Chinese companies.

Industry News

Investors Betting On Electric, Autonomous Vehicle Future See More Opportunity In Suppliers Than OEMs.

Reuters Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/7, Rees) reports “many investors are betting” the component suppliers to the auto industry “will be the first winners from the technology shifts” toward electrification and automation. Reuters spoke to investors who singled out companies like Aptiv, Valeo, and Continental as being poised to benefit regardless of which auto or tech company pioneers the most successful electric or self-driving vehicles.

GE Enters Energy Storage With Reservoir Platform

Power Engineering Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/7) reports on the debut of the Reservoir, developed by GE’s Global Research Center. GE Power CEO Russell Stokes is quoted, and says that the “growth of renewables, decentralization of power and digitization create both new challenges and opportunities in how power is generated, transmitted and distributed,” which the Reservoir is well-placed to address.

Engineering and Public Policy

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Trump To Announce Tariffs With Possible Exemptions For Mexico, Canada.

President Trump’s plans to levy tariffs on steel and aluminum imports continued to generate extensive – and mainly unfavorable – media coverage, which highlights the concerns of GOP lawmakers and business leaders. The coverage also highlights that the President may have budged in his initial opposition to exempt certain countries from the tariffs. The CBS Evening News(3/7, story 7, 1:25, Glor) reported that “congressional Republicans are making a lasting-ditch attempt to change Trump’s mind,” and “it appears the White House is listening, because today for the first time...they said that countries like Mexico and Canada, US allies essentially, might be exempt.” The AP Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/7, Thomas) says the move “could soften the blow amid threats of retaliation by trading partners and dire economic warnings from lawmakers and business groups.” Press Secretary Sarah Sanders told reporters the exemptions “would be made on a ‘case by case’ and ‘country by country’ basis.”

        The Washington Post Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/7, Lynch, Paletta) indicates, meanwhile, that “the announcement came after Defense Secretary Jim Mattis and Secretary of State Rex Tillerson made a last-minute appeal for flexibility, saying that overly broad tariffs could damage relationships with US allies.” Breitbart Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/7, Carney) cites a “source” that “said that NAFTA trade negotiators think imposing the sanctions while the negotiations are ongoing would be ‘unhelpful,’” but “if the NAFTA negotiations fail, the exemption from the tariffs would be lifted.” This “is seen as giving Mexico and Canada greater incentives to cooperate with US demands.”

        Bloomberg News Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/7, Talev, Olorunnipa) notes that earlier Wednesday, Commerce Secretary Ross had also “signaled that the administration is open to exempting countries besides Mexico and Canada, though he didn’t mention national security as a criteria that would be used.” Said Ross, “The president indicated that if we can work something out with Canada and Mexico, they will be exempted. It’s not inconceivable that others could be exempted on a similar basis.” The New York Times Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/7, Swanson, Subscription Publication) also points out Trump “and other administration officials have also indicated that Canada, Mexico or other close allies could be exempted through renegotiated trade deals or other measures.”

        The New York Times Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/7, Swanson, Subscription Publication) reports the tariffs “would not go into effect immediately, however, with a two-week implementation period required under the statute that gives the president authority to impose the measures.” That” could give countries or companies a chance to submit input and try to sway the administration’s plan, according to the people familiar with the deliberations.”

Energy Execs Warn US Tariff Plan May Affect Costs Of Shale, LNG Projects.

Reuters Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/6, Hampton, Resnick-Ault) reports that in comments at the CERAWeek conference energy executives warned that the Trump Administration’s proposed aluminum and steel tariffs might increase the costs of shale and LNG projects, which in turn “could slow growth in production and exports of crude and natural gas from shale that has made the United States the world’s largest gas producer and second largest oil producer.” In an interview Freeport LNG CEO Michael Smith said that if the proposed tariffs had been in place when the company was constructing “its first three” LNG production lines, the costs would have increased by around $200 million, or 3.5% to 5%. Plains All American Pipeline CEO Greg Armstrong said that some pipeline projects might be hampered if developers are unable to purchase parts that are made from non-US sources. Additional coverage is provided by LNG Industry (UK) Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/7).

Interior Secretary Starts Backing Off Drilling Plan Amid GOP Resistance.

The McClatchy Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/7, Dumain) reports that “facing mounting pressure from fellow Republicans who see little constituent support for drilling off the Atlantic coast, Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke could be backpedaling on the Trump administration’s initial plans to expand the program,” according to GOP lawmakers. The article says that “in a meeting with affected coastal GOP representatives last week, Zinke reaffirmed an exemption from the drilling for Florida, hinted to New Jersey officials their state was likely to be spared and left a Virginia congressman optimistic the policy would be overturned for his state, too.” Also, “Zinke said he’d travel to South Carolina to get a better sense of their concerns as well.”

EIA: US Coal Productivity Up Despite Mine Closings.

The Pittsburgh Tribune-Review Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/7, Huba) reports that according to the US Energy Information Administration, US coal mining production “is trending upward despite the fact that mines are closing.” Factoring into “the increase in productivity are improvements in technology and processes, but a larger factor is the distribution of productivity across mines.” According to the EIA, “the mines that are first to close during market downturns are often the ones with higher production costs and lower productivity, while more-productive mines remain operating, increasing overall productivity.”

Analyst: Oklahoma Wind Farms Key To Sustainable Energy Future.

The Oklahoman Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/7) reports the US “is making economic and energy efficiency gains as renewable and sustainable energy projects continue to get built, and Oklahoma is doing its part and then some,” according to Bloomberg’s New Energy Finance head of US research Ethan Zindler. He “discussed Oklahoma’s role in bringing the technology to the forefront with legislators and state-based reporters Tuesday.” Zindler stated, “We are very optimistic about these technologies, especially ones most plentiful here in Oklahoma, including natural gas and wind. ... In our view, these technologies will continue to change the world going forward over the next 20 years, and they present a major economic opportunity for your state.”

Elementary/Secondary Education

Purdue-Affiliated Startup Teaches STEM While Children Enjoy.

The Clinton County (IN) Daily News Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/7, Hartman) reports on Purdue University-affiliated startup Explore Interactive, which “uses augmented reality via mobile devices to make learning feel like play.” The article describes the platform, and says the startup claims the platform “will teach children STEM, all while having fun.”

Idea Lab Kids Inspires Students.

The Houston Chronicle Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/7, Fernandez Velazquez) reports on Idea Lab Kids, a program throughout the Houston area that offers a variety of classes during school vacations. The article says the classes incorporate both arts and science subjects, and provides background on the origins of the program.

Wednesday's Lead Stories