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공학소식 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
대학정보 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
연구정보 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
혁신센터정보 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
캡스톤디자인 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
산학협력정보 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
공학네트워크 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
정보센터 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
마이페이지 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다

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First Bell 제목, 등록일, 내용, 첨부파일 정보를 제공하는 표
제목 ASEE - First Bell (February 8, 2018) 등록일 2018.02.08

 

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Leading the News

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Fate Of Falcon Heavy Center Core Revealed.

TIME Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7, Segarra) reports that although the launch of SpaceX’s Falcon Heavy rocket “almost” went off “without a hitch,” the rocket’s “center booster wasn’t so fortunate.” Although the Heavy’s two side boosters “returned to Earth, landing nearly simultaneously in a brilliant display of aeronautical precision,” the center core “missed the drone ship where it was supposed to land” because only one of its three engines re-ignited, causing it to miss the ship by around 300 feet. The core “hit the water at about 300 miles per hour, damaging the drone ship and covering the deck with shrapnel, Musk said in a press call following the Falcon Heavy launch.”

        Florida Today Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7, Dean) reports that the center core was the “most challenging part of the Falcon Heavy’s development, requiring significant redesign of the Falcon 9 booster’s airframe to handle the loads from the side boosters and other stresses during its ascent.” For future launches, SpaceX hopes to recover all three boosters, which will mean that the “rocket’s upper stage may be the only part of the rocket not recovered and reused (assuming rocket nose cones can be saved as [SpaceX CEO Elon] Musk anticipates).” Musk added, “We got the footage” of the core crashing, and promised that if the “cameras didn’t get blown up as well, then we’ll put that out for a blooper reel.”

        USA Today Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7) hosts video of Musk’s post-launch press conference, as well as portions of the launch and booster landings.

        Musk: Falcon Heavy Success Provides “Confidence” That BFR “Quite Workable.” The Daily Mail Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7, Macdonald) reports Musk’s comments that the successful launch gives him “confidence” that the company’s forthcoming Big Falcon Rocket (BFR) “is really quite workable,” and that SpaceX “can make the BFR design work.” Musk said that most of the company’s “engineering resources will be dedicated to BFR and so I think that will make things go quite quickly.” The BFR may go into initial testing as soon as 2019 “with orbital tests in 2020 and the delivery of the first cargo to Mars in 2022, Musk says.” In built as planned, BFR “will be bigger than any other in existence, and will take satellites to orbit, crew and cargo to the International Space Station and even lead manned missions to the moon.”

        Falcon Heavy “Fortifies Resolve” Of Commercial Space Companies. The Houston Chronicle Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7, Rumbaugh) reports that Falcon Heavy’s success is “fortifying the resolve of other commercial space endeavors.” NanoRock CEO Jeff Manber called the launch “significant for a whole bunch of reasons,” and that the vehicle’s “price tag is extremely competitive, and it increases the robustness of sending cargo to space.”

Higher Education

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ED Eased Rules For Schools Overseen By Shuttered For-Profit Accreditor.

The Chronicle of Higher Education Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7) reports that ED “relaxed requirements” for for-profit colleges that were overseen by the Accrediting Council for Independent Colleges and Schools, which “was stripped of its federal recognition in late 2016, after reports of shoddy oversight and a department analysis that found the accrediting council had failed to comply with more than 20 areas of federal regulation.” The article reports that colleges overseen by ACICS had “just 18 months to find a new accreditor or they would also be unable to accept federal Title IV money from their students.” The piece explains that ED has extended deadlines for meeting a number of requirements and relieved “institutions of having to regularly report lawsuits or arbitration agreements against them, and remove[d] a requirement to report all known investigations, as had previously been the case.”

CBO Report: House HEA Reauthorization Would Cost Students Billions In Federal Aid.

The Washington Post Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7, Douglas-Gabriel) reports that according to a new report from the Congressional Budget Office, “college students would lose $15 billion in federal student aid over the next decade” under the House Higher Education Act reauthorization bill. The Promoting Real Opportunity, Success and Prosperity through Education Reform Act “aims to overhaul the federal law governing almost every aspect of higher education” and has faced criticism from the higher education community. House Education and the Workforce Democrats, “who were cut out of drafting the bill, have slammed the legislation for slashing some student aid programs, while funneling more federal dollars to controversial for-profit colleges.”

Harvard’s New President May Be Spokesperson For Higher Education.

The Boston Globe Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/6, Krantz) says the new president that Harvard University chooses “will have a platform – if he or she uses it – to speak out and help higher education navigate” the problems it is currently facing. The Globe cites experts who say the new president will need to convince both the federal government and the American public of “the value of a degree,” and provides other details on the search.

Texas Colleges Promoting Making Scientific Messages More Accessible.

The Houston Chronicle Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/3, Ellis) reports that there is a new push at Texas colleges and universities to encourage “faculty and students to better communicate their findings” as they present their research in STEM fields to an audience beyond academia. The Chronicle notes that this “comes amid surveys showing eroding Republican support for higher education and a social climate that casts academics as elitist and out of touch. Workshops, classes and conferences at Texas colleges and universities encourage STEM researchers to ditch technical or complicated jargon so broader audiences can understand the importance of what they do.”

From ASEE

Two NEW TUEE Reports
Read Phase II, "Insight from Tomorrow’s Engineers,” and Phase III, “Voices on Women’s Participation and Retention.”

The Transforming Undergraduate Education in Engineering project seeks to identify critical components of engineering curricula, pedagogy, and educational culture necessary to support the education of engineers over the next several decades. The project aims to catalyze change by building consensus within our community on a shared vision of the future of engineering education. Phase II was informed by students; Phase III focused on producing more women engineers. (The previously published Phase I focused on industry.) 


NEW Webinar on Professionalism, Ethics, & Harassment in the Workplace
Everyone has a right to a safe, inclusive, supportive, and productive work environment on campus. This webinar, led by David Mogk (Montana State University) and inspired by the National Academies’ Impacts of Sexual Harassment in Academia project, will explore components of professionalism, introduce topics that contribute to workplace climate, and offer suggestions for personal and institutional actions that can be taken to ensure everyone’s success in your department. The live webinar is March 14, 2018 from 1 – 2 PM, ET and is free for ASEE members. Register now!

 

Research and Development

Researchers Unveil Condensed Wood Lighter Than Steel With Comparable Strength.

Science News Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7) reports that research published in Nature Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7) describes a “newly fabricated superstrong lumber” which is created by boiling lumber in a chemical solution and then pressing it between heated metal plates. This process removes lignin and hemicellulose and “squashes the gaps between the cell walls in the wood, shrinking the block to about 20 percent its original thickness and making it three times denser.” The finished product “could withstand being stretched or pulled 11.5 times harder than its natural counterpart without breaking. That makes it about as strong as steel, even though it’s more lightweight.”

        Scientific American Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7) reports the research was conducted by a team led by University of Maryland-College Park materials scientist Liangbing Hu. This article says the material could have applications in construction, vehicles, and making “bullet-resistant armor plates.” Hu says the new method improves on past efforts to condense wood in which the result “tends to weaken and spring back toward its original size and shape, especially in humid conditions.” Discover Magazine Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7) reports that while Hu’s product is no longer buoyant in water, it is still “much lighter than most building materials used today.”

CU Boulder Physicists Release Study Detailing Moon’s Separation From Earth.

The Boulder (CO) Daily Camera Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7) reports that University of Colorado-Boulder physicists have released a study revealing a “landmark discovery in geophysical studies: the timescale in which the moon initially separated from Earth and receded to its position as we know it in the sky today.” Noting that NASA and the National Science Foundation provided funding for the study, the paper reports the researchers “discovered that the moon’s recession from Earth was not a rapid process. Instead, the moon slowly pulled away over a span of 400 million years between 3.8 billion to 4.5 billion years ago.”

Autonomous Coast-to-Coast Tesla Trip Past Deadline, Still Coming.

Bloomberg News Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7, Hull) reports Tesla is scaling back “its plan to demonstrate an autonomous cross-country drive,” with CEO Elon Musk saying during the fourth-quarter earnings call Wednesday that the automaker will aim to do the Los Angeles-to-New York trip sometime in the next six months. Musk originally promised the coast-to-coast demonstration would happen by the end of last year, but he said Wednesday that “it would have required too much specialized code to effectively game it,” making the end result “somewhat brittle in that it would work for one particular route but not be a general solution.”

Musk Pushes Back Goal Of Sending An Autonomous Vehicle On A Coast-To-Coast Road Trip.

Bloomberg News Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7, Hull) reports Tesla is scaling back “its plan to demonstrate an autonomous cross-country drive,” with CEO Elon Musk saying during the fourth-quarter earnings call Wednesday that the automaker will aim to do the Los Angeles-to-New York trip sometime in the next six months. Musk originally promised the coast-to-coast demonstration would happen by the end of last year, but he said Wednesday that “it would have required too much specialized code to effectively game it,” making the end result “somewhat brittle in that it would work for one particular route but not be a general solution.”

Verizon Uses Super Bowl To Test Virtual Reality Capabilities Of 5G Network.

Verizon tested out its upcoming 5G network last Sunday at Super Bowl LII, using virtual reality and high-resolution video. iTWire (AUS) Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7, Zaharov-Reutt) reports, “Donning virtual reality headsets, we’re told that ‘network engineers at Alley, Powered by Verizon in New York City and Verizon guests at the Super Bowl at US Bank Stadium in Minneapolis participated in a live demonstration of 180-degree stereoscopic in-stadium view live action on the field, as well as a virtual in-stadium experience including high-resolution replays on secondary screens, all delivered over 5G wireless technology.’” Sound And Vision Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7) also reports this story.

UC, Berkeley Researchers Demonstrate Tunable Material Made Without Lithography.

Nanowerk Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7, Berger) reports about new research on tunable materials from UC, Berkeley, entitled “A Lithography-Free and Field-Programmable Photonic Metacanvas Share to
FacebookShare to Twitter,” which made a “rewritable metacanvas” that “is able to function as different optical components – hologram, phase-array, polarizer, modulator, etc. – at different times and on command, which has never been achieved in any of the previous VO2.”

Workforce

US Solar Power Industry Lost Jobs Last Year.

The Hill Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7, Cama) reports the solar power industry in the US “lost 3.8 percent of its jobs, or about 9,800 workers,” last year, according to a report by the Solar Foundation. The group “said that while the industry saw record-setting growth in 2016 and previous years, activity slowed last year due to factors including policy challenges in some states and uncertainty over Trump administration tariffs on imported solar panels, which were announced” last month. However, the group contends, “the long-term job trajectory is still very positive for solar.”

        Reuters Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7, Groom) reports across the US, “solar employment fell 3.8 percent to 250,271 jobs in 2017 from a high of 260,077 in 2016.” Still, solar industry employment “far outpaces that of the coal, wind and nuclear energy industries, the report said.” CNN Money Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7) reports the “figure is still up from 90,000 in 2010.” Solar installation jobs spiked “in recent years because of a 30% federal renewable tax credit that was set to expire at the end of 2016.”

        However, the Minneapolis Star Tribune Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7, Hughlett) reports “Minnesota bucked the national trend in solar energy employment in 2017, posting the second highest job growth by state.”

Apple Ramps Up Hiring Of Hardware Engineers.

AppleInsider Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7, Wuerthele) reports, “Data gleaned from Apple’s job postings suggests that the company has amped up its hiring of hardware engineers, with an 80 percent increase in staffing needs from the fall of 2016 to the start of 2018.” Thinknum also “examined the expansion of Apple-associated job postings for engineers.” AppleInsider says although nothing can be determined from this hiring spree, Thinknum speculated Apple must be working on a revolutionary new product. However, the increase “might simply be a planned buildout to bolster groups working on existing product lines.”

Research Shows Pool Of AI Workforce Talent Is “Shallow.”

Bloomberg News Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7, Kahn) reports the true scarcity of workforce talent in artificial intelligence “has been something of an industry mystery.” Research from the Montreal startup Element AI in 2017 “estimated that there were fewer than 10,000 people in the world with the expertise needed to create machine learning systems,” while additional research by Tencent estimated “a far higher 200,000 to 300,000 people who were either AI researchers or industry practitioners.” Following these estimates, Element AI published a report Wednesday acknowledging its methodology in studying the issues, and further estimating that “there are about 22,000 PhD-educated researchers working on AI, of which about 3,000 are currently seeking work.”

Industry News

Deloitte: Auto Industry Currently Registers About $2T In Revenue.

In an article examining the current trial between Waymo and Uber over rights to autonomous vehicle technology, The Wall Street Journal Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/6, Bensinger, Subscription Publication) reports that Deloitte research shows the auto industry currently registers about $2 trillion in revenue.

Engineering and Public Policy

Gov. Jerry Brown Scales Back Delta Tunnels Project.

The Sacramento (CA) Bee Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7, Kasler) reports that “the troubled Delta tunnels project was officially downsized Wednesday, as Gov. Jerry Brown’s administration announced it would attempt to build a single tunnel in its effort to re-engineer California’s elaborate water-delivery system.” Failing “to secure enough money from California’s water agencies for the original twin tunnels concept, the California Department of Water Resources said it would now try to build the project in phases: one tunnel now and a second tunnel years down the road.” However, “the long-awaited announcement doesn’t appear to immediately solve the financial questions looming over the project, known officially as California WaterFix.”

Market Realities Stall Trump Push For U.S. Pipelines To Be Made Of American Steel.

The Dallas Morning News Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7, Benning) reports that the Trump administration does not appear to be making progress on a pledge to ensure that oil and gas pipelines built in the U.S. are constructed with U.S.-made steel. A July deadline for the Commerce Department to produce such a plan passed without the release of any new details, and Trump has “dropped the idea from his speeches, where it was once a prominent fixture.” The inaction “could reflect concerns that the mandate would be unfeasible and potentially in violation of international trade law.” Groups like the American Petroleum Institute and U.S. Chamber of Commerce “raised concerns about how it work and if it was legal,” while companies like Energy Transfer Partners said such a restriction could “delay project schedules, drive up costs, decrease availability and lower quality.”

Judge Orders EPA To Act On Connecticut Air Pollution Petition.

The Washington Examiner Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7) reports federal Judge Warren Eginton is ordering the EPA “to take steps that could lead to sanctioning a coal-fired power plant in Pennsylvania for increasing air pollution in Connecticut.” Eginton is giving the agency “60 days to make a decision based on the state’s request for the agency to act under the Clean Air Act, according to a Wednesday decision.” The agency “missed the deadline for responding to the state’s formal claims to petition for relief as a downwind state.”

        The Hill Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7, Cama) reports Connecticut officials “said the coal-fired Brunner Island Steam Electric Station in southern Pennsylvania is emitting nitrogen oxides that blow to Connecticut and deteriorate the air quality there.” Connecticut has “asked the EPA to force the plant to reduce its emissions.”

Prepa May Receive $2 Billion For Power Grid, Puerto Rico’s Governor Says.

Bloomberg News Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7, Kaske) reports the Puerto Rico Electric Power Authority “would receive $2 billion of federal funds to help repair the damage left by Hurricane Maria under a deal reached in Congress, Governor Ricardo Rossello said.” Leadership in the House and Senate “have agreed to allocate more than $6.8 billion of disaster relief aid to Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands, mostly to cover Medicaid costs, Rossello said in a statement Wednesday. Puerto Rico would receive another $2 billion for energy infrastructure.” Prepa “is struggling to restore electricity to nearly 500,000 customers more than four months since the storm. It’s operating at 80 percent of its capacity as of Tuesday.”

        NBC News Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7) reports that residents of Coamo, Puerto Rico “have started restoring power on their own, pulling power lines from undergrowth and digging holes for wooden posts in a do-it-yourself effort to solve a small part of the United States’ longest-running power outage.”

        The Columbus (OH) Dispatch Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7) reports crews from American Electric Power have been working “16-hour workdays” to restore power on the island. The workers from AEP “are part of a group of about 180 technicians and supervisors from several utility companies that are stationed in the Caguas region, a mountainous area south of the capital, San Juan.”

Elementary/Secondary Education

NASA, Government Agencies Boost STEM Interest In Youth To Foster Future Workforce.

The Houston Chronicle Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7, Stuckey) reports, “NASA has allowed classrooms to patch in live video feeds from the International Space Station for years – but it isn’t just so students can ogle at the astronauts doing back flips in zero gravity.” The piece says such events are intended to promote students’ interest in STEM subjects, adding that “governmental agencies and organizations, such as NASA, are doing everything they can to bolster young people’s interest in STEM fields” and offers a number of examples of leading industries that are doing the same.

Educators Lament Potential Hit To Science Education From Trump Budget.

EdSource Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7) reports according to “leading educators,” President Trump’s “proposed cuts to science education — which Congress is debating this week along with other aspects of the federal budget — would devastate K-12 science classrooms as schools are rolling out ambitious new curriculum standards and trying to prepare students for science and technology jobs of the future.” The piece quotes National Science Teachers Association Director David Evans saying, “The impact will be huge. It’s not only a lot of money that will be lost, but it sends a terrible signal to the public, to teachers, to students that science isn’t important. What’s at stake is STEM job readiness, the workforce of the future, a generation of informed citizens. … It’s a tragedy.”

Texas High School Students Modify Child’s Electric Car For Disabled Preschooler.

The AP Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7) reports that a group of high school students studying “engineering math” in Victoria, Texas has modified “a child’s electric car” to accommodate a four-year-old preschooler “whose disability prevents him from being mobile on his own.” The students were participating in a “nationwide program called Go Baby Go.” The young boy is able to press buttons on the “cherry-red jeep” to move. Students modified the car’s seat and controls, using “a culmination of knowledge from their previous classes to complete the large project.”

Houston Schools Innovate As Part Of STEM Education.

The Houston Chronicle Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7, George) reports on how Klein High School of Houston’s Independent School District is implementing its STEM program. The article says schools in the ISD are exploring STEM “solutions to fight flooding with an eye toward preventing some of the devastation wrought by” Hurricane Harvey, and that Klein students “won medals and a trophy” in a competition in January for their project.

        STEM Projects See Success In Houston Elementary Schools. The Houston Chronicle Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7, George) reports on the implementation of the STEM curriculum at various Houston elementary schools. The article describes students’ projects to illustrate how the curriculum is “the foundation of every aspect of learning” and giving students an opportunity to design, test, and redesign their own ideas.

Texas-Based Project Supports Encouraging STEM Education For Girls.

The Houston Chronicle Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7, Rhor) reports on the Texas Girls Collaborative Project, a network based at University of Texas in Austin that supports efforts to encourage girls to study STEM. The project organizes forums and trainings, recommends best practices, offers classroom resources, and promotes strategies for engaging girls in STEM. The article says “there are signs of improvement” in the number of women and minorities entering STEM careers, and describes the attitudes of several girls at Houston’s Harvard Elementary School.

Minnesota Schools Reform Methods Of Teaching Math.

The Minneapolis Star Tribune Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7) says “more than a half dozen metro school districts are revamping their math programs” using a new approach that involves “less memorizing formulas and more focus on understanding math concepts and building up kids’ confidence to do math.” Some school leaders “say the changes are necessary to shift the emphasis from boosting test scores to better preparing students” for college and the workforce, but critics argue the new approach “bombards students with too many learning styles and fails to teach them basic math.” The article discusses the new approach in the context of the “national attention” math education is receiving, including from the Department of Education, which was directed by the White House “to spend $200 million annually on grants that foster science, technology, engineering and math (STEM) education.”

Texas Teachers Work To Get Up To Speed On Teaching STEM.

The Houston Chronicle Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/7, Ward) reports that in recent years, K-12 teachers in Texas have increasingly been expected to teach STEM subjects in a way that integrates them together and with non-STEM subjects. Some teachers report not having been trained to do so, and there are “many workshops and camps, courses and training sessions that offer Houston-area teachers tools, knowledge and ideas for introducing their students to STEM.”