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대학정보 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
연구정보 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
혁신센터정보 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
캡스톤디자인 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
산학협력정보 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
공학네트워크 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
정보센터 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
마이페이지 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다

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제목 ASEE - First Bell (June 24, 2020) 등록일 2020.06.25
First Bell

Good morning June 24, 2020

Leading the News

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BMW To Introduce Level 3 Autonomy On Electric iNext Vehicle

AutoWeek Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/23, Davies) reports that “while Waymo, Cruise, Uber, and other outfits working to dump the human driver have struggled to deliver commercially viable fleets of robotaxis, their legacy competitors – automakers – have stuck to an evolutionary approach, where the robot gradually takes on more and more of the work.” AutoWeek says this approach “has produced systems like Tesla Autopilot and Cadillac Super Cruise, which work the pedals and steering” but require constant human attention to the road. The story highlights BMW’s upcoming “plan to introduce what could become the first system on U.S. roads to qualify as ‘Level 3’ [autonomy] by SAE’s standards.” The autonomous system will be available first on the BMW iNext electric vehicle and will feature several “caveats” on when it can be used. Still, “the driver doesn’t have to watch the road” while using the Level 3 system, although they do have to “stay awake and buckled in.”

Higher Education

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Some 65% Of Schools Preparing For In-Person Classes This Fall

In continuing coverage, CNBC Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/23, Hess) reports the Chronicle of Higher Education has “tracked over 1,000 colleges since April and has found that roughly 65% of schools are preparing for in-person classes this fall.” Tulane University, for instance, “plans to have students living on campus in the fall and plans for classes to be held in-person.” But the school will also “attempt to reduce classroom density and will shorten the semester by ending classes before Thanksgiving break.” In contrast, Harvard University is “preparing for most classes to be held online.”

New Study Sheds Light On Damaging Effect COVID-19 Wrought On Students’ Educations

The Chronicle of Higher Education Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/23) reports as colleges plan to “welcome students back – whether virtually or in person – this fall, a new study sheds light on the damaging effect the COVID-19 pandemic has already wrought on students’ educations.” Researchers at Arizona State University found that “undergraduate students at their university have suffered noticeably – and unequally – as a result of the pandemic. Among the findings: Low-income students at the university were 55 percent more likely to delay graduation than their more affluent peers, and 41 percent more likely to change their major.”

At Least 60 Colleges, Universities Being Sued By Students Seeking Tuition Refunds

Newsweek Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/23) reports “at least 60 colleges and universities across the country, and perhaps as many as 100 or more, are now being sued by students who believe they were short-changed when their in-person college experience was replaced by an online one as schools shut down campuses this spring due to the coronavirus pandemic.” The complainants are “demanding a refund on tuition and fees equal to the difference between what they paid for in advance and the instruction and educational services they actually received.” But Audrey Anderson, a higher education “expert and former general counsel for Vanderbilt University, believes plaintiffs can’t support a breach of contract claim.”

University System Of Georgia Insists On Requiring ACT/SAT Scores

In the Atlanta Journal-Constitution Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/23) “Get Schooled” blog, Maureen Downey says “every day more campuses conclude it’s unfair to ask applicants to submit standardized scores amid a coronavirus pandemic that’s disrupted high school classes and canceled ACT and SAT spring and summer testing dates.” But the University System of Georgia is insisting “its campuses continue to require ACT/SAT scores in the coming admissions cycle” and with its “stance, USG is standing in a rapidly emptying room.” According to Downey, “two scenarios worry admissions directors. The first is that Georgia’s most accomplished high school students will find out-of-state institutions more accessible.” In addition, “students from states where flagship campuses have waived the SAT/ACT...may not want to sit for a long admissions test that only Georgia demands.”

Colleges Becoming More Creative In Order To Attract, Keep Potential Students During COVID-19 Pandemic

Reuters Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/23, Taylor) reports “facing the prospect of declining enrollment” during the continuing coronavirus crisis, many colleges are “becoming more creative in order to attract and keep potential students.” Some schools have “frozen their tuition rates, including the University of Minnesota, Colorado State and the University of Colorado.” Others are offering “discounts for students hurt by the economic crisis, such as the 30% tuition discount offered by Georgia’s Thomas University for online undergraduate programs.”

Billionaire Launching New Initiative To Help Ease Burden Of Student Loans At HBCUs

TIME Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/23) reports Robert F. Smith – the “billionaire who pledged during a commencement speech last year to pay off the student debt of the Morehouse College class of 2019 – is launching a new initiative to help ease the burden of student loans at historically Black colleges and universities.” The Student Freedom Initiative will launch in Fall 2021 “at up to 11 HBCUs, offering juniors and seniors who are science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) majors a flexible, lower-risk alternative to high-interest private student loans.” The list of HBCUs “participating in the initial rollout has not been finalized.”

Universities Grappling With Protecting First Amendment Rights, Tackling Intolerance As Faculty, Students Respond To Protests

Diverse Issues in Higher Education Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/23) reports with students and faculty posting “heated – and in some cases, racist – reactions to current events on social media, universities find themselves in a legal minefield as they navigate First Amendment rights and the educational ideals of tolerance and respect.” Many on Twitter are “unconvinced the schools have done everything in their power and that the First Amendment could tie a university’s hands in acting against inflammatory speech or symbols.” But according to “most legal experts, if a college or university is a public institution, the First Amendment does limit the action it can take.”

Universities Increasingly Investigating Incidents Of Hate, Bias On Students’ Social Media

USA Today Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/23, Kast, Kast) reports on college campuses across the US, “students are being haunted by their online posts.” That is, as “rallies for Black Lives Matter and protests against police discrimination continue, institutions are investigating incidents of hate and bias that crop up in students’ social media posts, videos and messages.” The article goes on to detail a “couple of recent incidents at the University of Tennessee in Knoxville,” saying they “help illustrate how some colleges investigate accusations of bias and racism.”

From ASEE

ASEE would like to extend a special thank you to our presenting sponsor of the Virtual Annual Conference, the University of Maryland.

Actions ASEE is taking in support of Black Lives Matter

DELTA Institute for New Faculty 
This foundational, instructor-led online program prepares new engineering faculty members to launch careers. You will learn to navigate your role as a new faculty member and your  teaching, scholarship, and service responsibilities. Upon completion, you will have the knowledge and tools to positively launch your career, while effectively preparing engineering leaders of tomorrow. There is a registration fee. Learn more.

Webinar: Emerging Insights on Remote Instruction
July 8 at 1 PM, ET: This free webinar will share strategies for navigating remote instruction, including insights on synchronous instruction, remote assessments, and managing student projects and collaboration remotely. Register here.

Webinar: Emerging Insights on Remote Student Support
July 22 at 2 PM, ET: This free webinar will discuss strategies for supporting students remotely, sharing insights on virtual office hours, empathetic syllabi and in-class icebreakers, instructional techniques to support students in class, and additional ways that faculty, staff, and peers can interact to support student success. Register here. 

Research and Development

Former University of Tennessee Researcher Receives Renewed Attention During Coronavirus Crisis

USA Today Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/22, Gabrielle) reports on how a “well-respected,” 68-year-old materials scientist became “a household name.” COVID-19 “dragged one of” Dr. Peter Tsai’s “inventions into the spotlight.” The former University of Tennessee Knoxville researcher is the “creator of the filter material inside most disposable N95 respirators.” And the eventual “shortage was so dire that it brought Tsai out of retirement to dive head-first into solving the crisis.”

Analysis: Pandemic Disrupting US Recycling Industry

In a piece published by The Conversation Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/23), Brian Love and Julie Rieland, a professor and a PhD candidate at the University of Michigan, respectively, say the COVID-19 pandemic has “disrupted the US recycling industry.” Many items “designated as reusable, communal or secondhand have been temporarily barred to minimize person-to-person exposure” and that is “producing higher volumes of waste.” What’s more, grocers, whether by “state decree or on their own, have brought back single-use plastic bags.”

Honeywell Tests Sensors For UAM Aircraft

Aviation International News Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/23, Alcock) reports that Honeywell Aerospace “has started flight testing new sensors intended to support autonomous operations of aircraft in urban air mobility (UAM) environments.” The company equipped an Airbus AS350 helicopter with the sensors for testing. In addition, the helicopter was “fitted with cameras to analyze visual markings that look like QR codes to guide it to a designated landing area.”

        Honeywell Rolls Out UAM Products. Aviation Today Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/23, Garrett) reports that Honeywell has announced new products for its UAM and UAS business: “a lightweight vapor cooling solution, a satellite communications offering for drones, and the beginning of flight tests for sensors that will enable autonomous landing.”

Global Developments

Australian Auto Engineers Propose Autonomous Electric Concept Vehicle To Revive Australian Automotive Industry

The Driven Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/24, Schmidt) reports the Society of Automotive Engineers – Australasia (SAE-A) hopes its autonomous, electric concept for “a modular, composite concept in the form of a police car” will “breathe life back into Australia’s automotive industry.” SAE-A Chair and CEO Adrian Feeney said in a statement, “COVID-19 has shown the importance of car manufacturing, and we propose to start with a car that no other country could build.” SAE-A is building “on processes that birthed the aXcess Australia concept car designed by Melbourne-based car designer Gary Millard in the 1990s to showcase the innovative design and manufacturing skills of Australia’s automotive components industry to the world’s major automotive manufacturers.” The story mentions SAE-A is working with Delineate, “an automotive design company headed by Robert Veitch who has worked with the likes of Tesla and Google’s Waymo and who has designed the police car concept.”

Industry News

Analysis: Pandemic Could Drive Consolidation In Auto Industry

Business Insider Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/23, Debord) reports the late Fiat Chrysler CEO Sergio Marchionne often said the auto industry was in need of serious consolidation in order to reduce unnecessary capital spending. In Marchionne’s view, “Big carmakers, he argued, ‘spend vast amounts of capital to develop proprietary components, many not really discernible to customers,’” resulting in millions of dollars being spent on “equally undifferentiated but extremely expensive electric powertrains, advanced safety features, infotainment systems, and autonomous technologies.” Before the coronavirus pandemic, “The car business seemed to be preparing itself for Marchionne to get his wish from the great beyond,” but now “an M&A surge wouldn’t necessarily” solve the industry’s problem of being extremely capital intensive, far more than other heavy industry like aviation.

Volkswagen Considers Making Offer For Europcar, Sources Say

Bloomberg Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/23, Hammond, Rauwald, Kirchfeld) reports that Volkswagen AG “is exploring an offer for car-rental company Europcar Mobility Group, according to people familiar with the matter,” although this remains “at an early stage, said the people, who asked to not be identified because the matter isn’t public. The carmaker could opt to not proceed with an offer, they said.” According to Bloomberg, “Europcar hired advisers last year and set up a committee to weigh next steps after its largest shareholder, Eurazeo SE, warned of a potential exit from the car-rental agency and private-equity suitors began circling the firm.”

NASA Creates Office To Look Into Flying Personnel On Sub-Orbital Flights

Space News Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/23, Foust, Subscription Publication) reports that NASA “announced June 23 it has created an office with the commercial crew program, called Suborbital Crew or SubC, that will develop a process for NASA personnel to fly on vehicles such as Blue Origin’s New Shepard and Virgin Galactic’s SpaceShipTwo.” NASA will focus on developing “‘system qualification’ of commercial suborbital vehicles to assess their safety.” From there, NASA “will consider buying seats on flights for research and training.”

        The Houston Chronicle Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/23, Leinfelder) reports that sub-orbital flights will likely be less expensive than trips to the ISS, but NASA said the flights would still allow the agency to carry out hardware tests, microgravity research, and training for astronauts. NASA “has put out a Request for Information to learn more about suborbital crew transportation systems.”


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Engineering and Public Policy

Treasury Secretary: Administration “Very Seriously Considering” Second Round Of Direct Aid

Bloomberg Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/23, Mohsin, Wasson) reports Treasury Secretary Mnuchin said at the Bloomberg Invest Global virtual event Tuesday that the Administration “is discussing another stimulus package with lawmakers that could be passed in July.” Mnuchin said, “It’s something we’re very seriously considering.” The Washington Post Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/23, Stein, Dawsey) reports President Trump “has told aides he is largely supportive of sending Americans another round of stimulus checks, expressing the belief that the payments will boost the economy and help his chances at reelection in November.” The Post says Mnuchin “has advocated sending another round of checks,” but NEC Director Kudlow “is skeptical of sending payments out to as many people who received them in the first round,” and “said Tuesday the administration may want to send payments primarily to those who need them most.”

        CQ Roll Call Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/23, Shutt) reports Kudlow told Fox Business that the Administration “would likely want to target another round of direct payments in an upcoming package to ‘folks who lost their jobs and are most in need.’”

DoD Research and Engineering Undersecretary Griffin And His Deputy Resign From Posts

Reuters Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/23) reports that Undersecretary of Defense for Research and Engineering Mike Griffin, along with Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Engineering Lisa Porter, will resign from their roles on July 10 “to set up their own company, the director of the Missile Defense Agency said.” Griffin “oversees the activities of Hill’s Missile Defense Agency, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, the Defense Innovation Unit and the DoD Laboratory enterprise.” Reuters calls Griffin “an outspoken advocate for space-based missile defense systems.”

Elementary/Secondary Education

Researchers, Educators Creating New Digital Tools For Getting Kids Engaged In STEM At Home

The Dallas Morning News Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/23) reports numerous parents and caregivers are “looking for ways to support their kids’ interests in science, technology, engineering and mathematics, or STEM, in the time of COVID-19.” So researchers and educators are “creating new digital tools for getting kids engaged in STEM.” And while technology may not be accessible to everyone, STEM educators like Dr. Candace Walkington, an education professor at SMU, recommend incorporating “videos that kids can sit down to watch while parents get work done around the house.”

Study: Higher Academic Achievement In Math Or Science Among Men Doesn’t Cause STEM Gender Disparity

Futurity Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (6/23) reports “higher academic achievement in math or science among men doesn’t cause the gender disparity in physics, engineering, and computer science majors,” according to a paper published in Science. NYU Steinhardt researchers “analyzed data from almost 6,000 US high school students over seven years.” They noticed that “male students in the 1st percentile were majoring in PECS at the same rate as females in the 80th percentile, demonstrating a stark contrast between the high academic achievement of the female students majoring in PECS compared to their male peers.”

Also in the News

Airports Using Robots For Decontamination

WTKR-TV Share to FacebookShare to Twitter Norfolk, VA (6/19) reported that robots are being used to decontaminate airports across the US, including at Albuquerque International Sunport. Albuquerque Director of Aviation Nyika Allen said, “Here with robots, we actually have the whole facility mapped out and we can see what it’s done, what it hasn’t done, how long it took the robot, and so we’re actually able to guarantee the customer and the passenger that these spaces that they’re touching in the airport are getting disinfected on a nightly basis.”

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