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대학정보 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
연구정보 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
혁신센터정보 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
캡스톤디자인 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
산학협력정보 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
공학네트워크 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
정보센터 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
마이페이지 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다

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제목 ASEE - First Bell (March 25, 2020) 등록일 2020.03.26
First Bell

Good morning March 25, 2020

Leading the News

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Senate Leaders, White House Reach Agreement On $2T Stimulus Package

The AP Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/25, Mascaro) reports, “The White House and Senate leaders of both parties announced agreement early Wednesday on unprecedented emergency legislation to rush sweeping aid to businesses, workers and a health care system slammed by the coronavirus pandemic. ... Top White House aide Eric Ueland announced the agreement in a Capitol hallway shortly after midnight, capping days of often intense haggling and mounting pressure.” Ueland said, “Ladies and gentlemen, we are done. We have a deal.”

        Reuters Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/25, Cowan, Morgan) reports that the Senate will vote on the package Wednesday, with the House expected to soon follow. Senate Majority Leader McConnell said, “This is a wartime level of investment into our nation. We’re going to pass this legislation later today.” Senate Minority Leader Schumer “called the measure ‘the largest rescue package in American history,’ describing it as a ‘Marshall Plan’ for hospitals and medical needs.” The Wall Street Journal Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/25, Jamerson, Duehren, Subscription Publication) reports that Secretary of the Treasury Mnuchin said he had spoken to President Trump about the agreement and that the President would “absolutely” sign it as written. Mnuchin said, “He’s very pleased with this legislation, and the impact that this is going to have.”

        The Wall Street Journal Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/24, Duehren, Subscription Publication) reports that House Speaker Pelosi introduced her own legislation on Monday but indicated she would review the version that eventually passes the Senate. The Washington Post Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/25, Werner, DeBonis, Kane, Stein) reports that Pelosi “made the rounds of cable news programs” on Tuesday “to pronounce herself hopeful about swift action on a bipartisan package that could also pass the House. ‘I think there is real optimism that we could get something done in the next few hours,’ Pelosi said in a morning interview on CNBC, calling the legislation a ‘much more worker-oriented initiative’ than what McConnell originally unveiled last Thursday.”

        Reuters Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/24, Morgan, Cowan) reports that Pelosi “said the two sides had agreed to more oversight provisions...resolving a key sticking point.” The Washington Times Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/24, Dinan) reports that Pelosi “beat a retreat Tuesday from the massive coronavirus wish list of Green New Deal projects, immigration measures and other non-virus changes she and fellow Democrats had proposed just hours earlier.” CNN Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/24, Raju) reports on its website that Trump and Pelosi “have not spoken in more than five months, according to a Pelosi aide, something that’s even more remarkable given the crisis facing the country and the massive rescue packages moving through Congress.”

Higher Education

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Coronovirus-Related School Shutdowns Upending College Admission Process

The Hechinger Report Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/24) reports for thousands of high school seniors across the US, the “wave of school shutdowns” to contain the coronavirus outbreak has “come at a particularly difficult time. It has disrupted college tours and canceled standardized tests.” What’s more, students “planning to enroll at community colleges are in many cases just starting their applications, sometimes without access to the internet at home.” In response, some universities have “decided to push back their admissions-deposit deadlines from May 1.”

        And, reports Bloomberg Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/24), if “colleges can’t fill slots, they could face years of financial trouble.” The pandemic “couldn’t come at a worse time for the $600 billion-plus higher education industry, which had already been suffering from the demographic reality of fewer graduating seniors, especially in the Midwest and the Northeast.”

Liberty University Allows Students To Return To Campus Despite Coronavirus Outbreak

The Washington Post Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/24, Svrluga, Vozzella) reports, “Students returned to Liberty University after spring break this week, even as colleges and universities across the country have sent students home to try to slow the spread” of COVID-19. The school is allowing “students to continue to live on campus if they choose, sparking outrage from students and faculty who worry that the novel coronavirus could spread rapidly with so many people in such close quarters.” Jerry Falwell Jr., the school’s president, “said the university is taking precautions in consultation with health experts, including the switch to online instruction for most classes, surfaces being cleaned hourly and meals served as takeout only.”

        CNN Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/24, Zdanowicz, Toropin) reports Falwell’s decision “flies against the guidance provided by state officials and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.”

        NBC News Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/24) reports more than 1,100 students returned Monday following spring break, according to a university spokesman. They returned on the same day Virginia Gov. Ralph Northam “announced that all K-12 schools in the state will remain closed for the rest of the school year.”

Commentary: Coronavirus Crisis Could Change Higher Education More Than Any Recession In The Past

Contributing to a “series on the financial challenges facing colleges and universities amid the coronavirus pandemic,” which is being published by the Chronicle of Higher Education Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/24), a clinical associate professor at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill says the “coronavirus crisis has the potential to change higher education more than any recession in the past, including the Great Recession.” In the short term, argues Paul N. Friga, higher education may “benefit from a federal stimulus package or increased Pell Grant funding.” But this is “no time to be incremental or reactionary.” Instead, we should take a “critical look at our investments in our universities and strive to make every higher-educational institution more efficient and effective.”

Some University Administrators Lauded For Taking Humane Approaches To Coronavirus Outbreak

The Hechinger Report Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/23) takes a look at the numerous “acts of kindness” college students are experiencing as university administrators develop “humane approaches to the coronavirus” pandemic. These institutions are “helping students find cost-free ways to leave campus, keeping dorms open for those who don’t have other options or identifying ways to enable less-wired students who can’t access online learning to still finish out the semester.” But not all colleges are being “heaped with praise...and the contrasts are striking.” At California’s Pomona College, for example, “some circulated petitions demanding the school do more to help students who don’t have housing alternatives.”

Vedder: Recent Run Of Scandals Dampens Prospect Of A Post-Pandemic Bailout Of US Universities

Forbes Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/24) contributor Richard Vedder says the coronavirus pandemic is the “undoing of colleges, as it reeks havoc on many other businesses, families, and institutions as well.” Among the reasons Vedder cites for the threat of the coronavirus are how the “examples of scandals, waste and corruption in athletics and elsewhere at schools like Penn State, Michigan State, and University of North Carolina, reduce prospects for a taxpayer bailout” of public universities. However, US higher education may “gain from experiences learned from COVID-19 – the underrated utility of on-line instruction may be recognized, for example.”

University Of California Issues Guidance Document Advising Against Using The Term “Chinese Virus”

Diverse Issues in Higher Education Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/24) reports the University of California (UC) system has “issued a ‘guidance document’ advising campus officials, faculty, administrators, students and staff to not use the term ‘Chinese virus’ to describe the coronavirus.” Such terms “cast either intentional or unintentional projections of hatred toward Asian communities.” The document also “calls on the university community to ‘reject racism, sexism, xenophobia and all hateful or intolerant speech’ in face-to-face interactions and online.”

        Journalist Criticizes President’s Use Of “Chinese Virus” When Talking About COVID-19. In a piece published by Diverse Issues in Higher Education Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/24), journalist Emil Guillermo asks that if Americans are “all in this together” in this time of crisis, “why does the president keep playing the great divider?” While Trump is “right that the virus is suspected of starting from the live markets in Wuhan, China, he’s wrong to give the virus an ‘ethnicity’” by referring to it as the “Chinese Virus.” Guillermo goes on to say that the virus is “called COVID-19 precisely to avoid all the ugly xenophobia.”

Rural Colleges Facing Unique Set Of Challenges During Coronavirus Pandemic

Education Dive Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/24) reports although most institutions “enroll some students who have limited or no access to technology and the internet away from campus, rural colleges may grapple with the issue more often due to their remote locations.” What’s more, many rural colleges are “known for having tight-knit communities and hands-on programs – two factors that can make it hard or even impossible to transition online.” And for some schools, this “process is complicated further by tight budgets or high shares of low-income students,” according to Beth Rushing, president of the Appalachian College Association.

From ASEE

ASEE's Online Collaboration Forum During Virus Crisis
ASEE has created Facebook groups for collaboration during this unique period. Join the Collaborative Discussion Forum, the P12 Instructors and Parents Forum, the Online Teaching Repository, and the Research Operations Repository

Webinar – Storytelling to Advance Research and Teaching
April 9 at 1 PM, ET: What’s your story? Tune in for a free webinar to learn how storytelling techniques can be used to propel your research and teaching, helping you communicate research impacts, write proposals, share best teaching practices, and teach difficult concepts. Register today at http://bit.ly/3c99jba

Webinar – Training Tomorrow’s Engineers to Combat Climate Change
April 15 at 1 PM, ET: In support of Earth Day 2020, tune in for a new webinar and learn how two NSF-funded projects, RISE-UP and ReNUWIt, are training tomorrow’s engineers to build resilience and combat the effects of climate change through robust interdisciplinary initiatives. Register today: http://bit.ly/2Tlt4F9

Research and Development

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University Of Cincinnati Graduate Helps Develop Quick DNA Test For COVID-19

WLWT-TV Share to FacebookShare to Twitter Cincinnati (3/23, Staff) reports a University of Cincinnati graduate “helped develop a quick DNA test for COVID-19 coronavirus.” According to doctoral graduate Jay Han, medical manufacturing company MiCo BioMed “licensed intellectual property related to UC’s lab-on-a-chip technology.” And the South Korea-based company has “developed a DNA/RNA detection device the size of a toaster that can provide rapid and reliable results in an hour.”

SpaceX Test For Crew Dragon Parachute Fails

Space News Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/24, Foust, Subscription Publication) reports that SpaceX “said March 24 that one of the final parachute tests for its Crew Dragon spacecraft went awry, a problem it blamed on the test setup and not a flaw with the parachutes themselves.” SpaceX said, “Out of an abundance of caution and to keep the helicopter crew safe, the pilot pulled the emergency release,” after a test article became unstable. SpaceX said, “While the test article was lost, this was not a failure of the parachute system.” SpaceX did not disclose how the incident “would affect final preparations for the Demo-2 Crew Dragon mission,” scheduled for mid- to-late May. SpaceX said “NASA and SpaceX are working together to determine the testing plan going forward in advance of Crew Dragon’s second demonstration mission.”

ESA Puts Eight Spacecraft In Hibernation Amid Coronavirus Outbreak

The AP Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/24) reports that the European Space Agency “said Tuesday that it is putting eight of its spacecraft into hibernation as it scales down operations during the coronavirus outbreak.” The ESA is also “further reducing the already limited number of staff working on site at its mission control in Darmstadt, Germany. As a result, the instruments and data collection on some space probes are being temporarily stopped.” Those temporary stoppages include data collection on the Cluster mission, the ExoMars Trace Gas Oribiter, and the Mars Express. ESA Director of Operations Rolf Densing “said putting the probes into hibernation would have ‘a negligible impact’ on their missions.”

Global Developments

Bombardier To Suspend Most Production Amid Coronavirus Outbreak

Aviation International News Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/24, Siebenmark) reports that Bombardier started a suspension of work in Canada that began March 24 and “and lasts through April 26, the Canadian airframer said.” Employees “affected by the temporary shutdown will be furloughed for the period, as will corporate office employees whose functions are deemed by Bombardier as less critical in the short term. At Bombardier’s Wichita operations, a spokeswoman told AIN that a ‘small number’ of employees will also be affected by the furloughs. ‘But we cannot comment further until we have personally notified each affected employee,’ she said.” Bombardier’s CEO and senior leadership team “will forgo their pay during the period, and the chairman and board members have agreed to refrain from receiving board compensation for the remainder of the year.” Reuters Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/24) reports that Bombardier stop production at all of its Northern Ireland Sites until April 20.

Industry News

Airport, Airline Contractors Concerned About Exclusion From Stimulus Package

Business Insider Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/24, Slotnick) reports that border closures and warnings against travel mean “air traffic has fallen” and airlines are hurting financially. In “a letter signed by CEOs on Saturday,” airlines promised “that if the federal government grants the bailout package they’ve asked for, there would be no layoffs or furloughs before September – if at all,” but Business Insider says “that fails to account for the many thousands of employees who work for airport and airline contractors around the country” who provide essential services. Multiple workers interviewed by Business Insider “have lost their jobs over the past week, or...have been warned that they will be laid off this week,” and “all expressed fear that they would be left behind even if a rescue package provides relief for struggling airlines and their workers.”

        Boeing CEO: “Nobody Has An Interest In Retaining Government Equity In Their Company.” FlightGlobal Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/25, Hemmerdinger) reports that The Boeing Company CEO Dave Calhoun said on Fox Business on March 24, “Nobody has an interest in retaining government equity in their company. We want to pay everything back.” Calhoun “also insists Boeing remains fundamentally sound despite the severity of the coronavirus downturn.” Calhoun said, “Government is supposed to step up, to get us from one end to the other. Whatever tool they put in place should be simple, straightforward and immediately accessible.” Reuters Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/24, Shepardson) reports that Calhoun also told Fox Business, “I don’t have a need for an equity stake.” He continued “If they force it, we just look at all the other options and we’ve got plenty of them.”

        Boeing CFO Said US Aerospace Needs Credit, But “Markets Essentially Are Closed.” Reuters Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/24, Johnson, Shepardson, Hepher) also reports that The Boeing Company CFO Greg Smith “said on Tuesday the U.S. aerospace industry urgently needs credit to cope with the coronavirus pandemic but ‘markets essentially are closed’ to new debt.” Smith “also stressed the strategic value of a $4.2 billion deal to acquire the commercial planemaking arm of Embraer.”

Airlines Struggling To Find Space To Park Unused Planes

Reuters Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/24, Freed) reports that airlines are experiencing an “unprecedented problem: finding a place to park” the “thousands of aircraft” currently idling without passengers. As a result, “taxiways, maintenance hangars and even runways at major airports are being transformed into giant parking lots for more than 2,500 airliners,” as “the number of planes in storage has doubled to more than 5,000 since the start of the year.” In the US, United and American “said they are parking planes at maintenance facilities for now, while Delta Air Lines Inc said it was still looking into the issue.”

Engineering and Public Policy

Experts Weigh In On Coronavirus-Like Response To Climate Change

The Los Angeles Times Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/24, Roth) reports that society has responded “far more aggressively to address the coronavirus than it has the climate crisis,” but some experts “wonder if the unprecedented global mobilization to slow the pandemic might help pave the way for more dramatic climate action.” UC Santa Barbara Political Scientist Leah Stokes, for example, has “pointed out that aggressive steps to reduce planet-warming emissions – such as investing in solar and wind power, switching to electric cars and requiring more efficient buildings – wouldn’t be nearly as disruptive to everyday life as the stay-at-home orders that have defined the novel coronavirus response.” Eight other experts weighed in on the potential for such a mobilization.

Elementary/Secondary Education

DeVos Halts Collection Of Defaulted Federal Student Loans

Politico Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/24, Stratford) reports exclusively that the Administration “has stopped seizing the wages, tax refunds and Social Security benefits of people who are in default on their federal student loans, an administration official confirmed to Politico on Tuesday.” The Education Department is putting a stop to collecting on defaulted federal student loans “until further notice,” according to the official. The ED “plans to make the policy retroactive to March 13, the day President Donald Trump declared a national emergency, the official said.” The announcement provides a “reprieve for the more than 9 million federal student loan borrowers who are in default on their debt.”

        Documents obtained by The Washington Post Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/24, Douglas-Gabriel) show the ED informed private collection agencies that it will “indefinitely suspend” wage and tax refund garnishments. The Post also reports the ED will “hold off on transferring new accounts to the private debt collectors and has asked the companies to stop calling borrowers.” The ED “declined to confirm the order.”

Some Senators Urging Trump To Take Steps To Protect Personal Student Data Amid Uptick In Distance Learning

The Washington Post Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (3/24, Strauss) reports with “tens of millions of American students now learning online after their schools closed amid the global coronavirus pandemic, some US senators are urging the Trump administration to take steps to protect personal student data.” In a letter to Education Secretary Betsy DeVos, Federal Trade Commission Chairman Joseph Simons and FTC Commissioners Noah Phillips, Rohit Chopra, Rebecca Slaughter and Christine Wilson, the lawmakers pointed out that “online education can help students keep learning while they are staying home for an undetermined amount of time.” But, they added, “many ed tech offerings collect large amounts of data about students and do not employ adequate privacy or security measures.”

Tuesday's Lead Stories

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