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공학소식 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
대학정보 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
연구정보 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
혁신센터정보 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
캡스톤디자인 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
산학협력정보 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
공학네트워크 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
정보센터 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
마이페이지 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다

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제목 ASEE - First Bell (February 12, 2020) 등록일 2020.02.13
Good morning February 12, 2020

Leading the News

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First Female Dean Of NYU’s Engineering School Aims To Recruit More Women

NBC News Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/11) reports the “first female dean of New York University’s Tandon School of Engineering” didn’t notice the “female student deficit at the University of Belgrade, which is where she got her bachelor’s degree.” But the “gender gap really stuck out to” Jelena Kovačević when she started her Ph.D. program at Columbia University. Now, at NYU, “she’s intent on particularly supporting female students as they apply and make their way through the program.”

Higher Education

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Students At HBCUs In Texas Receive Disproportionately Lower Amount Of Money From The State, Study Finds

The Austin (TX) American Statesman Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/11, Korte, Subscription Publication) reports students at “historically black colleges and universities in Texas receive a disproportionately lower amount of money from the state compared with Texas’ largest flagship institutions,” according to a study released by the Center for Public Policy Priorities. This, despite “enrolling more low-income and diverse students.” Before reaching that conclusion, investigators compared Texas’ two public HBCUs – “Prairie View A&M University and Texas Southern University – with the University of Texas and Texas A&M University.” They discovered that the “two HBCUs receive about $2,500 less per student than UT and Texas A&M.”

California College Students To Receive Funds In Exchange For One Semester Working With Local Nonprofit Or Government Office

Inside Higher Ed Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/11) reports the Civic Action Fellowship revealed that it will award students in California “up to $10,000 to put toward their college costs in exchange for one semester working with a local nonprofit or government office.” Students at eight universities will “tackle a range of regional and local community challenges, such as reducing homelessness.” The challenges each institution will address will be “selected by the governor of California, Gavin Newsom, and form part of a statewide initiative to encourage more citizens to give back to their communities.”

Only 10 States Provide Fully Accessible Postsecondary Educational Opportunities For Incarcerated Individuals: Study

Diverse Issues in Higher Education Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/11) reports as many as “69% of incarcerated people want to enroll in postsecondary education.” But “only 10 states provide postsecondary educational opportunities that are fully accessible to all incarcerated individuals,” according to a study released by the Justice Center. And “fewer than one in three states is using key federal and state funding pathways to support postsecondary education for people while incarcerated, as well as after release.”

From ASEE

ASEE's Curtis W. McGraw Research Awards Announced
ASEE announces the 2020 prestigious Curtis W. McGraw Research Awards: Prof. Ziqian (Cecilia) Dong from New York Institute of Technology is recognized in the non-PhD program category and Prof. Fengqi You from Cornell University is recogninzed in the PhD-granting program category. The awards will be presented at the ASEE Engineering Research Council’s (ERC) Research Leadership Institute, March 9-11, 2020 in Arlington, VA.

Two ASEE Members Elected to NAE
Reggie DesRoches of Rice and Jayathi Murthy of UCLA are among the members of the National Academy of Engineering's 2020 class. Congratulations to these leaders in engineering education.

New ASEE Publication on Diversity in STEM
ASEE, with funding from the National Science Foundation, released a publication on the NSF GOLD program, seeking to diversify the Geosciences. The publication features five GOLD projects, with a deep look at two in particular.  Lessons learned from these initiatives are applicable to engineering and all STEM disciplines.

 

Research and Development

University At Buffalo Team Receives DARPA Grant To Develop UAV Swarm AI

The Daily Mail (UK) Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/11, Thomsen) reports that researchers from the University at Buffalo SUNY have received a $316,000 grant from DARPA “to develop an artificial intelligence capable of controlling swarms of up to 250 drones.” In order to develop the “experimental AI, scientists from the university’s Artificial Intelligence Institute will study video game players as they pilot autonomous swarms of digital military units in real time strategy games like StarCraft, Stellaris, and Company of Heroes.” The team will collect data on the players’ reactions “to a wide variety of different tactical challenges,” including “unexpected changes in the terrain or terms of battle.” UB Assistant Professor of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering Souma Chowdhury said, “We don’t want the AI system just to mimic human behavior; we want it to form a deeper understanding of what motivates human actions.” The UB team “hopes that...combining game decision data with real time biometric feedback giving hints at the player’s emotional and cognitive [responses] could help large groups of drones independently coordinate complex tasks.”

        Popular Mechanics Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/10, Linder) reports the aim of the research “is to improve organization and strategy among autonomous air and ground robots.” Chowdhury said in a press statement, “The idea is to eventually scale up to 250 aerial and ground robots, working in highly complex situations. For example, there may be a sudden loss of visibility due to smoke during an emergency. The robots need to be able to effectively communicate and adapt to challenges like that.” The research is a part of a theory in artificial intelligence called “swarm intelligence.”

University Of Cincinnati Engineers Work With Veterans To Design Better Eye-Dropper

WCPO-TV Share to FacebookShare to Twitter Cincinnati (2/11, McKee) reports University of Cincinnati engineering students are developing a “new type of eye drop applicator” that is “hopefully easier to use.” VA Eye Center case manager Terri Ohlinger “recruited a group of veterans from a Green Township VFW post to help the students test their prototypes. With the sponsorship of Quality of Life Plus, a not-for-profit research organization focusing on veterans’ health, the engineers got started.” The project is “in its early stages,” but the students have “developed two prototypes: One that the user places on their eye and pulls a trigger to release the drops, and another that the user places on their face like glasses before squeezing a handle.”

Atlas V-511 To Make Debut Launch Later This Year

Spaceflight Now Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/11, Clark) reports that the “last unflown variant of United Launch Alliance’s Atlas V launcher” – the Atlas V-511 – “will carry a pair of U.S. military space surveillance satellites toward geosynchronous orbit from Cape Canaveral late this year, according to a Space Force spokesperson.” The 511 configuration features “a 5.4-meter-diameter (17.7-foot) payload fairing and a single solid-fueled motor providing an additional boost during the first 90 seconds of flight.” It will launch a pair of Northrop Grumman satellites for the Space Force’s Geosynchronous Space Situational Awareness Program. The satellites “are designed to help the military track and observe objects in geosynchronous orbit more than 22,000 miles (nearly 36,000 kilometers) over the equator.”

Workforce

House Democrat Says Thousands Of Cybersecurity Job Are Open Due To Computer Science Graduates Lacking Skills, Experience

Forbes Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/11) contributor Ted Knutson reports that “many of the half-million cybersecurity job openings are going begging because college computer science graduates often lack the needed skills and hands-on experience, House Research and Technology Chair Haley Stevens (D-MI) asserted” on Tuesday. Stevens led a cybersecurity workforce hearing in the House, where IBM Security & Enterprise and Technology Security Human Resources Director Sonya Miller “told the session the U.S. education system is not producing candidates with relevant ‘soft skills’ or even the technical skills for jobs in the cybersecurity space except from a narrow swath of students.”

Global Developments

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Airbus To Restart Production At Tianjin, China, Factory

Reuters Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/11) reports that Airbus “said on Tuesday that it had been authorized by Chinese authorities to restart operations at its plant in Tianjin, which has been closed as a result of the coronavirus afflicting China.” Airbus said in a statement, “Airbus China is observing Chinese Government requirements and has been authorized by the Chinese authorities to restart operations of the Tianjin Final Assembly Line.” Airbus added, “This means it can gradually increase production, whilst implementing all required health and safety measures for Airbus employees which remains the top priority.”

Industry News

SpaceX Hires Former NASA Human Spaceflight Head Gerstenmaier

CNBC Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/11, Sheetz) reports that according to “people familiar with his hiring,” former NASA Associate Administrator for Human Exploration and Operations William Gerstenmaier has joined SpaceX. Gerstenmaier will report to SpaceX Vice President of Mission Assurance Hans Koenigsmann. A SpaceX spokesperson “confirmed that Gerstenmaier is a consultant for the company’s reliability engineering team.” The move “comes after Gerstenmaier was demoted at NASA in July, in a surprise shake-up of top leadership.”

        Space News Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/11, Foust, Subscription Publication) reports that Gerstenmaier “was highly regarded at NASA” and that his “reassignment took many both inside and outside the agency by surprise.” Gerstenmaier was a part of NASA leadership “during tumultuous times at the agency, including the retirement of the shuttle, cancellation of the Constellation program and the greater reliance on commercial providers to transport cargo and, soon, astronauts to and from the station.”

        CBS News Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/11, Harwood) reports that while SpaceX confirmed Gerstenmaier would consult with its reliability team, “no other details were immediately available.”

Airbus’ Caudron Confident Planemaker Will Sell More Than 1,000 A321XLRs Over The Next 10 Years

Reuters Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/11, Freed) reports that Airbus is confident it will sell “more than 1,000 A321XLR aircraft, a longer-range version of the single-aisle A321neo jetliner, over the next 10 years, a senior executive at the manufacturer said on Tuesday.” The “forecast includes a mix of new orders and conversions from other models, Airbus Head of Marketing Francois Caudron told reporters at the Singapore Airshow.” Caudron said, “I wouldn’t be surprised to see more than 1,000 A321XLRs that are sold. ... I would say safely in the next 10 years.”

Engineering and Public Policy

NASA Budget Request Increases Aeronautics Funding

SPACE Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/11, Gohd) reports that the Trump Administration’s 2021 NASA budget request includes increased funding for NASA’s aeronautics division. “Included in the $25.2 billion budget request for NASA is $819 million for aeronautics research, up from $783 million in 2020.” NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine said in a statement Monday, “In aeronautics, the budget backs all our cutting-edge research on commercial use of supersonic aircraft, all-electric airplanes, and development of an unmanned aerial system that will make flying small drones safer and more efficient in the 21st century.” One of NASA’s primary aeronautics programs is the “experimental X-59 supersonic aircraft being built by Lockheed Martin to pioneer quieter sonic booms for commercial travel.”

        Aviation Today Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/11, Garrett) reports that Bridenstine said, “The 2021 budget fully supports aeronautics research that enables breakthroughs such as our X-57 all-electric experimental airplane scheduled to fly later this year.” The X-57 Maxwell program is NASA’s first all-electric airplane. It is “slated to take flight this year, generating useful data on integrating electrical systems into aircraft, safe lithium-ion battery storage and distributed electric propulsion.” The request provides funding for the Electrified Powertrain Flight Demonstration which “seeks to enable future use of electric or hybrid airliners for short-range and regional markets.” Bridenstine emphasized the importance of urban air mobility within the budget. He said that “the budget supports one aeronautics project that in my opinion, has one of the greatest potentials to change all of our lives: urban air mobility. In the near future, semi- and fully-autonomous vehicles will provide many new services and carry packages and people in and around cities large and small.”

Budget Request Would Fund “Mars Future Missions”

SPACE Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/11, Wall) reports that the Trump Administration’s NASA budget request includes funding for Mars sample return and the “development of a potential mission that would map water ice on the Red Planet.” The $25.2 billion request “includes $233 million for ‘Mars Future Missions,’ one of which aims to get pristine pieces of the Red Planet to Earth, possibly as early as 2031.” By comparison, the 2020 and 2019 proposals allocated $109 million and $50 million, respectively. NASA officials wrote in a budget request description, “Mars Future supports the development of the Mars Sample Return (MSR) mission that is planning to enter formulation (Phase A) as early as the summer of FY (fiscal year) 2020.” The officials added, “In FY 2021, MSR formulation activities include concept and technology development, and early design and studies in support of the Sample Return Lander and the Capture/Containment and Return System.”

        NASA’s Mars 2020 Rover Moved To Kennedy Space Center. Florida Today Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/11) reports that NASA’s Mars 2020 rover was “scheduled to arrive at 3:10 p.m. Wednesday at the Kennedy Space Center” as a part of “preparations for its upcoming launch, scheduled [for] no earlier than July 17.” The Mars 2020 rover “is part of NASA’s Mars Exploration Program to better understand the geology of the Martian surface while searching for signs of ancient life. It will spend about two years exploring and collecting samples to be sent back to Earth.”


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Elementary/Secondary Education

Award-Winning Arizona High School Manufacturing Program Students Visit Tennessee

The Tennessean Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/11) reports that 230 students in the manufacturing program at Desert View High School in Arizona “apply math, science and entrepreneurial skills to the real world by designing parts, building prototypes and learning to code at the professional machine shop.” The students work with industry employers and can “receive up to 25 college credits – nearly a full year of school – toward their associate degree in industrial technology, thanks to a partnership with a community college in Tuscon, Arizona.” The program is “one of the largest and more highly awarded in the country – and the money earned allows students to visit manufacturing companies across the United States and expand their horizons beyond the city many have never left before.” The Desert View students recently visited Nashville to “attend a manufacturing conference for computer-aided design software company Solidworks.”

Underserved Schools Get Access To Remote-Controlled High-Tech Microscope

The Seventy Four Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/11, Newcomb) reports the National Science Foundation and the nonprofit organization US Ignite have started opening “4K science research for under-resourced high schools across the country, bringing gigabit internet connectivity with data transfer speeds at a billion bits per second into communities such as Chattanooga, Tennessee, and Lafayette, Louisiana.” The program has “grown to include six schools, giving hundreds of students access to” an Olympus 4K microscope housed in biology classroom inside a Chattanooga public magnet school. New funding from NSF and US Ignite “will bring in five additional schools, in Jackson, Tennessee, and Lafayette.”

Also in the News

NASA To Open Astronaut Applications

CNET News Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/11, Reichert) reports that NASA announced Tuesday it will be accepting applications “for its next generation of astronauts” between March 2 and March 31. NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine said in a statement, “We’re on the verge of sending the first woman and next man to the Moon by 2024.” He added that the agency would hire a “handful” of astronauts. To be considered, applicants must have US citizenship and a master’s degree in a STEM field. Applicants “also need two years of related experience or 1,000 hours of jet aircraft pilot-in-command time.” Candidates will undergo a “two-hour online assessment” and if selected, must also “pass NASA’s long-duration spaceflight physical examination.”

        Florida Today Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/11, Kelly) reports that NASA “hopes to make the final decisions by 2021.”

Tuesday's Lead Stories

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