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공학소식 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
대학정보 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
연구정보 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
혁신센터정보 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
캡스톤디자인 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
산학협력정보 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
공학네트워크 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
정보센터 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다
마이페이지 - 공학교육정보센터는 공학교육 관련단체간의 적극적인 협력 체제를 구축하기 위한 지식허브 역할을 감당합니다

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제목 ASEE - First Bell (November 30, 2019) 등록일 2019.12.02
Good morning November 30, 2019
Editor's Note
This End of Year Briefing is the third in a series of year-end briefings highlighting the stories that generated the most reader engagement. These are the year's most popular stories in Space and Aeronautics.

The Top Space Story of 2019

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World’s Largest Plane Makes First Flight Over California

Reuters Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (4/14, Whitcomb) reported that “the world’s largest aircraft took off over the Mojave Desert in California on Saturday, the first flight for the carbon-composite plane built by Stratolaunch Systems Corp.” The Roc aircraft “has a wingspan the length of an American football field and is powered by six engines on a twin fuselage.” The white airplane “took to the air shortly before 7 a.m. Pacific time (1400 GMT) and stayed aloft for more than two hours before landing safely back at the Mojave Air and Space Port as a crowd of hundreds of people cheered.”

        Aviation Week Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (4/13) reported that the flight marks “the start of what is expected to be a year-and-a-half long test and certification program” of “the twin-fuselage aircraft, designed by Burt Rutan and built by Northrop Grumman-owned Scaled Composites.”

        The AP Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (4/13, Antczak) also covered the story.

Other Top Space News Stories of 2019

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Scientists Reveal First Photo Of Black Hole

Reuters Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (4/10, Dunham) reported an international team of scientists on Wednesday announced “the first-ever photo of a black hole” created with “a global network of telescopes.” The “achievement...validated a pillar of science put forward by Albert Einstein more than a century ago.” The image “shows a glowing ring of red, yellow and white surrounding a dark center. The research was conducted by the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) project, an international collaboration involving about 200 scientists begun in 2012 to try to directly observe the immediate environment of a black hole.”

        The Washington Post Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (4/10, Guarino) profiles Katherine Bouman, a postdoctoral researcher at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, who developed an algorithm which “stitched together a picture of a black hole. She told nobody except her colleagues. Until today. That’s when Event Horizon Telescope team, of which Bouman is a member, unveiled the first image of a black hole.” Bouman “had been working on such an algorithm for almost six years, since she was a graduate student at MIT. She was one of about three dozen computer scientists who used algorithms to process data gathered by the Event Horizon Telescope project, a worldwide collaboration of astronomers, engineers and mathematicians.” USA Today Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (4/10, Bangert) reported on the “push to make sure Katie Bouman was getting her due.”

NASA Unveils Prototype Spacesuits Artemis Astronauts Will Wear On Moon

Reuters Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (10/15, Roulette) reported that “NASA on Tuesday showed off two new spacesuits tailored for future moonwalking astronauts, signaling development of a crucial component to the space agency’s accelerated drive to return to the moon by 2024.” Two NASA engineers modeled the spacesuits, which “make it much easier to walk, bend and squat when walking on the lunar surface, Amy Ross, NASA’s lead spacesuit engineer, said.” NASA manager Chris Hansen said, “This is the first suit we’ve designed in about 40 years.”

        The Hill Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (10/15) reported that NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine “told a crowd of local students, agency interns and reporters that the suits for the Artemis 3 mission...will be built with inclusivity in mind to ‘fit all of our astronauts when they go to the moon.’” In March, NASA “had to cancel plans for its first all-female spacewalk when it found that only one suit for women was available on the” ISS.

        CNBC Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (10/15, Sheetz) reported that Bridenstine was slated to “show NASA’s design for the spacesuit the astronauts will wear during flight, called the Orion Crew Survival System, and for the spacesuit the astronauts would wear while walking on the lunar surface.”

        CBS News Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (10/15, Harwood) reported that the “new suits can accommodate a broader range of astronaut sizes than the suits currently aboard the space station, opening up moon flights to virtually anyone accepted in the astronaut corps.” Bridenstine said, “These are our spacesuits for the Artemis generation.”

        CNN Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (10/15, Strickland) reported that “the suit for the planned landing at the lunar south pole is called the Exploration Extravehicular Mobility Unit, or xEMU, because the red, white and blue suit itself is a bit like a spaceship in the way it protects the astronauts, NASA said.”

        The New York Times Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (10/15, Chang) reported that “the new spacesuits will offer improvements over existing models for the men and women expected to wear them, including greater comfort and movement.” NASA engineer Amy Ross said, “We’ve been working for a long time to build spacesuits that will do the job on the moon and going on to Mars.”

        The Daily Mail (UK) Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (10/15) reported that “each suit will also come with a pair of gloves that provide finger movement, which was demonstrated in the reveal.” The suit “can keep an astronaut safe between the temperature extremes of negative 250 degrees to 250 degrees Fahrenheit, accounting for shade and sun, especially at the south pole.”

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Virgin Galactic Reveals New Spacesuits For Crew, Commercial Passengers

USA Today Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (10/16, D'ammassa) reported that on Wednesday, Virgin Galactic “presented the public’s first look...at the spacesuits designed for its crew members.” The space flight company “is ramping up to begin commercial space flights from New Mexico’s Spaceport America, anticipated to start in 2020.” Clothing manufacturer Under Armour and Virgin Galactic jointly designed the suits “with consultation from physicians, pilots and astronaut trainers, apparel and footwear designers, engineers and ticketholders awaiting their opportunity to visit space, the spaceliner said in a statement.”

        The New York Times Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (10/16, Chang) reported that the spacesuits are “one-piece jumpsuits like those worn by military pilots” and have “a bounty of pockets for carrying mementos.”

        CNET News Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (10/16, Carson) reported that “the total apparel package includes a base layer, footwear, spacesuit, and training suit, as well as a limited-edition astronaut jacket.”

        CNN Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (10/16, Wattles) reported that “the royal blue jumpsuits are made of lightweight ‘flight-grade’ fabric designed to keep customers comfortable as they hurtle more than 50 miles into the atmosphere.” Under Armour CEO Kevin Plank said, “Going to space presents an entirely new challenge for us.”

        Bloomberg Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (10/16) reported that “Adidas-owned Reebok has been building astronaut boots for an upcoming trip to the International Space Station, part of a partnership with the aerospace-equipment maker David Clark Co.”

        CNBC Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (10/16, Thomas, Sheetz) reported that the “spacesuits are reserved for the roughly 600 people on a waitlist to take some of the first commercial space flights for tourists, planned for 2020.”

        SPACE Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (10/16) reported that Virgin Galactic founder Richard Branson said in a statement, “Spacesuits are a part of the iconography of the first space age; our visual impressions of human spaceflight and what astronauts wear are inextricably linked.”

        CNBC Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (10/16) provides video footage of the presentation as part of its coverage.

        Virgin Galactic Nearing Public Market Debut. CNBC Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (10/16, Sheetz, Thomas) reported that Virgin Galactic “is closer to listing its shares publicly than some may expect.” In July, the company announced plans to list on the New York Stock Exchange via a merger with special-purpose acquisition firm Social Capital Hedosophia. However, Branson “hinted on Wednesday that it may be in the early part of the quarter” and “confirmed that he will retain his majority stake even after the company lists.” Said Branson, “I will retain control of the company. ... I will keep roughly 51%.”

        Virgin Galactic To Further Increase Ticket Price For SpaceShipTwo. SPACE Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (10/16) reported that “the price of a ticket to space on Virgin Galactic’s suborbital SpaceShipTwo will likely increase as the private spaceflight company gears up for its first commercial flights, Virgin Galactic CEO George Whitesides said...at the International Symposium for Personal and Commercial Spaceflight.” Added Whitesides, “We anticipate that the price of the tickets will actually go up once we start selling [more] tickets. What we believe is that we actually underpriced the ticket price a bit in early years, so I think the ticket price will go up for a bit.”

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New Horizons Transmits Images Of Ultima Thule

The AP Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (1/2, Dunn) reported that NASA’s New Horizons spacecraft – currently four billion miles from Earth – “yielded its first close-up pictures Wednesday of the most distant celestial object ever explored, depicting what looks like a reddish snowman.” The icy space object Ultima Thule “was found to consist of two fused-together spheres, one of them three times bigger than the other, extending about 21 miles (33 kilometers) in length.” NASA Ames Research Center scientist Jeff Moore “said the two spheres formed when icy, pebble-size pieces coalesced in space billions of years ago.” Lead Jet Propulsion Laboratory scientist Alan Stern “noted that the team has received less than 1 percent of all the data stored aboard New Horizons.” NASA expects to receive the remaining data over two years. Clues about the “surface composition of Ultima Thule should start rolling in by Thursday.” Scientists suspect that the object’s “icy exterior is probably a mix of water, methane and nitrogen, among other things.”

        The Independent (UK) Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (1/2, Griffin) reported NASA “has revealed a stunning first photo of the distant world of Ultima Thule, the most distant object that humanity has ever explored. The tiny, icy object looks something like a peanut in the photo, which is just the first of a whole host of data that the space agency hopes to receive back.” The image came after NASA announced “success in the high-risk, middle-of-the-night encounter at the mysterious body known as Ultima Thule on the frozen fringes of our solar system, an astounding 1 billion miles beyond Pluto.”

        The Houston Chronicle Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (1/1, Desk) reported on the “first look at an object on the edge of our solar system. Mission scientists from NASA and the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Laboratory have confirmed that the New Horizons spacecraft conducted a flyby of Ultima Thule, a Kuiper Belt object that’s 1 billion miles beyond Pluto.”

Russian Humanoid Robot Makes Way To ISS

Reuters Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (8/22) reported that “a Russian humanoid robot was making its way on Thursday to the International Space Station after blasting off on a two-week mission to support the crew and test his skills.” The Skybot F-850, dubbed FEDOR (Final Experimental Demonstration Object Research), “is the first humanoid robot to be sent to space by Russia.”

        CNBC Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (8/22, Taylor) reported that “the Skybot F-850 started its journey to the International Space Station (ISS) at 2:38 a.m. London time, when it lifted off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan aboard the Soyuz MS-14 spacecraft.”

        Aviation Week Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (8/22) reported that “Russia’s unpiloted Soyuz MS-14 spacecraft is expected to dock with the International Space Station early Aug. 24, part of a test of the upgraded Soyuz 2.1a rocket’s ability to launch cosmonauts and astronauts to the six-person orbiting science lab beginning in March 2020.”

NASA Renames Building To Honor “Hidden Figures” Mathematician

USA Today Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/24, Ortiz) reported NASA has renamed a building in honor of Katherine Johnson, “who along with other African-American women had to overcome racial and gender discrimination to rise through the ranks of NASA in the 1950s and ‘60s. ... The Katherine Johnson Independent Verification and Validation Facility in Fairmont, West Virginia – her native state – houses programs that help safeguard NASA’s highest-profile missions by making sure software operates properly, according to the agency’s website.”

        The New York Times Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (2/23, Brown) reported, “NASA on Friday officially renamed a facility in West Virginia after Katherine Johnson, an African-American mathematician and centenarian whose barrier-breaking career was depicted in the film ‘Hidden Figures.’ The 2016 film, based on a book released earlier that year, depicted the struggle of Ms. Johnson and other black women for equality at NASA during the height of the space age and segregation. The mathematician tracked the trajectories of crucial missions in the 1960s.”

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Origami-Inspired Metamaterial Could Soften Spacecraft Landings

SPACE Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (5/30) reported that “future spacecraft and rockets may have softer landings thanks to technology inspired by origami, the Japanese art of folding.” Research published May 24 in the journal Science Advances suggests that a highly flexible metamaterial “could be used not only for spaceflight, but also for cars and other devices that must absorb high impacts.” The folded materials “lessen any impact forces and instead promote forces that relax stresses in the chain of metamaterials.”

NASA To Launch VIPER Rover To Search For Water On Moon

CNN Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (10/26, Woodyatt) reported that “NASA will send a mobile robot to the South Pole of the Moon to hunt for water, the...space agency has announced.” The Volatiles Investigating Polar Exploration Rover (VIPER) “will collect data for about 100 days that will be used to create the first global water resource maps of the Moon, the space agency said on Friday.” NASA “believes that the Moon has reservoirs that could amount to millions of tons of water ice.” In a statement, VIPER mission project manager Daniel Andrews said, “Since the confirmation of lunar water-ice ten years ago, the question now is if the Moon could really contain the amount of resources we need to live off-world. This rover will help us answer the many questions we have about where the water is, and how much there is for us to use.”

        SPACE Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (10/25, Bartels) reported that NASA Administrator Jim Bridenstine “formally introduced the project at the 70th International Astronautical Congress in Washington.”

        Reuters Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (10/25, Roulette) reported that “the rover is expected to arrive on the moon’s south polar region in December 2022, carrying four instruments to sample lunar soil for traces of hydrogen and oxygen.”

        Space News Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (10/27, Foust, Subscription Publication) reported that “the $250 million VIPER mission would...operate at the south pole of the moon for 100 days.”

        The Houston Chronicle Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (10/25) reported that NASA’s “Ames Research Center is leading the mission’s science, systems engineering, real-time rover surface operations and software development, while the Johnson Space Center near Houston is designing VIPER’s hardware.”

        The Orlando (FL) Sentinel Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (10/25, Tribou) reported that VIPER “will be launched by a commercial partner through NASA’s Commercial Lunar Payload Services (CLPS) contract, but which company has that honor has yet to be determined.”

        The Daily Mail (UK) Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (10/25) provided video footage of the announcement as part of its coverage.

Falcon Heavy Core Booster Lost In Rough Seas After Drone Ship Landing

Spaceflight Now Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (4/15, Clark) reported that “the core booster from the Falcon Heavy rocket that launched Thursday from NASA’s Kennedy Space Center in Florida tipped over in rough seas after landing on an offshore drone ship, SpaceX officials said Monday.” Ocean swells “caused the rocket to topple” from the “Of Course I Still Love You” drone ship “before recovery crews could secure the booster to the vessel.” SpaceX spokesperson James Gleeson said, “Over the weekend, due to rough sea conditions, SpaceX’s recovery team was unable to secure the center core booster for its return trip to Port Canaveral.” Gleeson added, “As conditions worsened with eight to ten foot swells, the booster began to shift and ultimately was unable to remain upright.”

        Space News Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (4/15, Subscription Publication) reported that although the company “developed a robotic system, colloquially known as ‘Octograbber,’ to secure Falcon 9 booster cores that land on” drone ships, SpaceX “sources say that the Octograbber doesn’t work on the Falcon Heavy because it has different interfaces that the robot isn’t currently designed to grapple, requiring the use of personnel that could not safely operate in the heavy seas.”

        SPACE Share to FacebookShare to Twitter (4/15) reported that “this is the first time the company has lost a landed stage on the way back to port.”

From ASEE

Honoring Native American Engineers

Watch the video of Native American engineers honored in November’s Prism magazine. 

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First Bell is a digest of the most important news selected from thousands of sources by the editors of Bulletin Media. The presence of such advertising does not endorse, or imply endorsement of, any products or services by ASEE. The statements and opinions contained in the articles referenced by First Bell are solely those of the individual publications cited and not of ASEE. Neither Bulletin Media nor ASEE endorses or is liable for the use of or reliance on any information contained in this briefing. ASEE is not responsible — to the extent permissible under applicable laws — for any injury or damage to persons or property resulting from the use of products, procedures, operations, ideas or instructions referenced in First Bell. To see how we protect our data, or for any questions on data access, view Bulletin Media's privacy policy.

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